Trees, Leaves and Tall Plants
Trees have existed on Earth for 370 million years. Varieties and species of trees grow almost everywhere in every world, even in some frigid Arctic regions.
The oldest known tree species is the Methuselah tree, a Great Basin bristlecone pine (Pinus longaeva). The only place to find the Methuselah tree is in the White mountains of California. Tree rings show these trees to be neary 5,000 years old. Methuselah trees are stunted with gnarled trunks and branches
The shortest tree is the Dwarf Willow (Salix herbacea) which grows in the coldest places in the Northern Hemisphere.
The tallest trees are California state redwoods (Sequoia sempervirens) and can grow to be a whopping 300 feet tall on average. One redwood, called Hyperion was discovered in 2006 and stands at 379.7 feet tall. Sequoia redwoods usually live from 500 to 700 years. Some, however have been found to be as old as 2,000 years.
The Giant Sequoia is the largest tree in the world. Sequoiadendron giganteums are oldy found California's Sequoia National Park. The largest sequoia gigantus is called General Sherman which is estimated to be about 2,000 years old. Some trees are thought to be over 3,220 years old.
Rarest tree: The Guinness Book of Records lists the Three Kings kaikomako (Pennantia baylisiana) among the world's rarest tree. One solitary Three Kings kaikomako tree was discovered in 1945 living on a scree slope in the Three Kings group off Cape Reinga, New Zealand. At time of discovery there was only one tree in existence due to over grazing by goats imported to the island. Seeds are collected and planted now to keep the tree species alive.
Some tree species cluster within a country or specific habitat, others live virtually everywhere in the world. The most common trees include:
- Red Alder (Alnus rubra)
- Red Maple (Acer rubrum)
- Green Ash (Fraxinus pennsylvanica)
- White Ash (Fraxinus americana)
- Quaking aspen (Populus tremuloides)
- American Beech (Fagus grandifolia)
- Loblolly pine (Pinus taeda)
- American sweetgum (Liquidambar styraciflua)
- Douglas-fir (Pseudotsuga menziesii)
- Sugar maple (Acer saccharum)
- Balsam fir (Abies balsamea)
- Flowering dogwood (Cornus florida)
- Lodgepole pine (Pinus contorta)
- White oak (Quercus alba)
- Common Ash – Fraxinus Excelsior, European ash
- Aspen – Populus Tremula
- Silver Birch – Betula Pendula
- Sessile Oak – Quercus Petraea
- Sweet Chestnut – Castanea Sativa
Materials To Keep On Hand
Paper Trivia: Did you know that you can only fold a sheet of printer paper in half seven times? Give it a try. It doesn't matter how thick or thin the paper is, once you get to the seventh fold, the paper will not bend or budge.
Sun catchers. To create a translucent, stained glass ornaments effect, apply a bit of lemon oil to the back sides of paper ornaments to create a.
Hang the ornaments on trees, in windows, anywhere bright colorful decorations are desired.
Construct a large paper-tree for the wall with shades of green construction paper. Draw a large tree on a sheet of easel pad paper to tack onto a wall or other flat surface, then decorate with paper ornaments.
- Types of Paper:
- Construction - many colors
- Copier - many colors
- Cardstock - many colors
- Paper tubes - TP tissue, paper towel and gift-wrap
- Foam craft sheets - many colors
- Magnet sheets - Make refrigerator magnets
- Stiff Stencil - Paint repeating patterns on items, embroidery, latch-hook rug patterns
- Felt sheets - Make filled or layered ornaments
- Some Mediums & Tools to keep handy for the creative process.
- Colorful Markers - fine to thick point
- Wax Crayons - stock up around school sales
- Water color sets - and plastic tablecloths
- Chalk - many colors
- Colored pencils - many colors
- Tempura finger paints - primary colors - mixing to discover is half the fun
- Paint brushes - fine tip to standard school size child's brush size at least.
- Straws - paper not plastic
- Tooth picks - age appropriate
- Sponges - cut into shapes or purchase for blotting paint shapes
- Needlepoint, embroidery thread and stretcher hoops
- Puffy paint and glitter - to draw words, images and shapes on cloth
- Wine corks
- Celluclay - A handy pulverized paper product that resembles clay for paper mache'
- Modeling clay - reusable, come in colors, good for making molds
- Pottery clay - Only if you expect to use a kiln
- Silicon molds and release spray
- Wooden shapes - to paint for ornaments and gifts
- Decal sheets for window decals
- Cloth scrap pieces left overs from sewing
- Clay modeling tools - ll sorts, combs, forks, dental picks, anything to make interesting cuts and patterns
- Plain tee shirts